From the Beginning

1.  John Dawson was born October 1640 in England. According to One World Tree, he was baptized 27 October 1640 in Hemingbrough, Yorkshire, England.  He immigrated from Saint Mary Castlegate, York, Yorkshire, England; which is about 15 miles from Hemingbrough. The Passenger and Immigration List Index has his arrival into the Province of Maryland in 1672.

Sometime after his arrival, John settled in Charles County, where he had applied for and received a land grant. John, who was styled planter, is believed to have been married twice during his life. He is thought to have married first, shortly after arriving in Maryland, to a woman named Rebecca Doyne.

Rebecca was the daughter of John Doyne who held a land grant on Chickamuxon Creek in Charles County, Maryland. Family tradition, as stated by at least one researcher, suggests that John and Rebecca met aboard ship during their voyage to America, but that initially there were objections to their getting married because of differences in their religious beliefs. John, it appears, belonged to the Church of England, while Rebecca, a native of Ireland, was a Roman Catholic.

John and Rebecca had five children, Charles, Edward, John, Nicholas, Thomas. They are reputed by some researchers to have had seven children, but only five have been identified as either known, or very probable. Their exact order of birth is not known, however. Although Rebecca apparently died in Charles County, Maryland, the actual date of her death has not been determined.

After his first wife passed away, John married for a second time, also in Charles County, Maryland, to a woman named Elizabeth Thirst on 16 September 1690. John subsequently died in Charles County, Maryland in 1712. John and Elizabeth had one child: Mary

2. Edward Dawson married Mary in Prince George Co., MD, where he died in 1732. They had three children, Edward, Mary, and Elizabeth.

3. Edward Dawson born 1685 in Prince George Co., MD married Margaret Allum 24 January 1720 in Prince George Co., MD at St. Barnabas Church. They had six children, James, Mary, Edward, John, Edward and Margaret.

4. Edward Dawson born 19 June 1730 in Prince George Co., MD. married his first wife in Prince George, MD. They had Edward and possibly more lost during the American Revolution. Edward and his second wife, Elizabeth, had seven children, Isaac, Thomas, James, Elizabeth, Anna, Macy/Mahaliel, John. Edward was a farmer. He and his son Edward settled on military tracts west of Fort Cumberland. Both of them took the Oath of Allegiance in 1778. He was referred to in the 1788 Allegany Co., MD records as Edward Sr. and was listed among the early settlers there.

There has been much speculation about whether Edward came from Prince George or New Jersey. I believe they are both right. Since this is a blog and not a genealogical document, I am free to express my thoughts and theories. I believe Edward and his first wife left Prince George after 1757 and moved to New Jersey. His first wife probably died before 1767 and he married Elizabeth. They had four children in New Jersey and moved to Allegany before 1773.

According to the family records of Pat Pulasky, Edward died 11 Sep 1794 without a will. The first recording of his estate that I have found was in 1800. I have copies of the probate files and inventories in Wills and Probate. It looks like there was conflict within the family over the estate and it wasn't settled until 11 Dec 1805. Elizabeth possibly applied for a bond of marriage to Daniel Cresap, Sr, who had adjoining property, 28 Nov 1796. She died 13 May 1813.

5. Edward Dawson born 1755 in Frederick Co., MD married Hannah 1774 in Frederick Co., MD. Edward and Hannah had two children,  Elizabeth and Leonard, who were born in Washington County Maryland. These were transitional times during the birth of a nation. Frederick was the first new county to be created in the western Province of Maryland. Frederick was later divided into Washington and Montgomery County in 1776. Allegany County was created in 1789 from land that was previously Washington County. Edward was born, married and had children in what is now Allegany County.

Edward was a farmer. During the American Revolution He was a private in the Washington County Militia, 1st Class, Capt. Daniel Cresap’s Company, 3rd Battalion in 1776 and 1777. Edward took the Patriot Oath of Fidelity and Allegiance before the Hon. Samuel Barrits on 16 March 1778. According to the 1800 census he resided in Upper Old Town, Allegany, MD. After his father's estate was settled he moved to Ross County Maryland.

In April 1805 he was elected as a constable in Ross County Ohio. According to Ross Co. Deed Records, Edward did not receive a land grant for being a solider, but acquired land from Abraham Baldwin, a Revolutionary soldier, who received 666 acres from the government. The Ohio Census records he lived in Jefferson Township, Ross County, OH until 1818. In 1820, he is recorded living in Franklin Township, Ross, County Ohio where his daughter, Elizabeth, and son-in-law, Enos Moore, were living in 1830. The 1830 census shows him living back at Jefferson Township where his son, Leonard, was farming.

Some histories state that Edward followed his daughter to Indiana, but considering the fact that they were living in Ohio in 1830 and Enos Moore purchased land in 1832, I was suspect they traveled to Indiana together. According to the U.S. General Land Office records, Enos Moore purchased 80 acres in Tippecanoe County, Indiana on 6 June 1832. Edward died 28 August 1833 and was buried in the family cemetery, Shelby Township, Tippecanoe Co., IN. Hanah died 25 July 1839, only her stone is left standing on the old farm cemetery in Shelby Township.

The Sons of the American Revolution have placed a tombstone in Greenbush Cemetery, Lafayette, Tippecanoe Co., IN. On 17 May 2003, the William Henry Harrison Chapter SAR. had a rededication ceremony. There has been a lot of controversy over Edward's military service in regards to the DAR/SAR. "The Roster of Soldiers and Patriots of the American Revolution Buried in Indiana" claim He was a Private in Capt. Samuel Montgomery's Co., 7th Pa. Reg., commanded by Col. William Irvine, Continental Line enlisting 24 December 1776 during the Revolutionary War. This has since been proven incorrect and the DAR has updated its records to show his service as a patriot.

6. Leonard Dawson born 1778 in Washington Co., MD married Mary Jane Wolf 15 August 1797 in Allegheny Co., MD. They had twelve children, Edward, Thomas, Leonard, Charles, Nancy, Hannah, Dytha, Mariah, George, Eliza, Mary and Elizabeth. Leonard was a farmer. He settled in Ross County Ohio in 1805 with his father, Edward, when they migrated from Maryland. Together they farmed one hundred acres until Edward and Hannah retired to Indiana.

Leonard leased the land from his parents until his father died 28 August 1833. According to deed records Hannah Dawson sold Leonard Dawson a tract of land lying in Ross County OH containing one hundred acres for one hundred dollars on 23 April 1834. Leonard died 18 January 1855. Mary Jane died 25 Mar 1853. They are buried in Caldwell Cemetery, Jefferson, Ross Co., OH.

7. Edward Dawson born 10 December 1799 in Allegheny Co., MD married Mary Catherine Peppers 17 February 1821 in Ross Co., OH.  Edward and Mary Catherine had sixteen children, John, George, Louisa, Elizabeth, Mary, Henry, Frederick, Eliza, Jacob, Edward, Leonard, Margaret, Charles, Martha, William and Thomas. Edward was a farmer.

Mary Catherine's father Frederick Peppers was a farmer and moved to Ross County Ohio, in 1819, from Frederick County Maryland. According to the 1830 census the Dawson and Peppers families were neighbors in Ross County with both families migrating from Maryland.

In 1836, Ed and Mary moved to Warren Co., IN where Edward's grandmother Hannah was living. This must have been a very arduous trip with nine children in tow. They had seven more children after moving to Warren County.

Edward died 30 July 1849, when he was 50 years old, in Warren County. Here again we have conflicting records. The tombstone and family histories have the date as 1849.  The U.S. Federal Census Mortality Schedules Index has the date as 1850. Mary was widowed for 3 years and married Parrot Smyth 27 Jan 1852 in Warren County. Mary died 21 May 1858 in Warren Co., IN. Mary and both husbands are buried in Union Cemetery, Warren Co., IN.

8. Frederick David Dawson born 6 September 1832 in Ross Co., OH. married Susan L. Butcher 2 October 1853 in Carroll Co., IN. Susan's father Bayless Butcher was an Inn Keeper in Independence, IN. Frederick and Susan had six children, James Edward, George, Jacob, Mary Alice, Rosa and Frederick. Frederick was a very successful farmer.

Frederick's  family moved to Warren Co., IN when he was very young. He was still living in Warren County during the 1860 census with his wife, two children, and mother-in-law. Shortly after the death of his mother-in-law he purchased a farm in Ash Grove, Iroquois Co., IL, probably with Susan's inheritance.

He registered for the Civil War on July 1, 1863 in Ash Grove. According to the 1870 census he had real estate value of $7,200 and personal estate value of $3,800. This was a considerable amount for the time.  In 1889 his wife of 36 years died on March 27th. This was probably the time he left to spend time with his son, James Edward.

The story is told of the time when Frederick visited James Edward living on the prairie of Kansas. He bragged about the good toast that Madora had made for breakfast. In those days the main fuel supply was buffalo chips [dried manure] that were gathered from the prairie. One morning he got up earlier and found her toasting the bread over the buffalo chip fire, after he saw this, he didn't think that the toast was near as good.

After 2 years of being a widower, Frederick married Theodosia Heath 1 Feb 1891. They had one daughter, Freda. Around 1905 Frederick purchased a large tract of land in Madison Township, Allen Co., IN. I wonder if his new wife wanted a home of her own, without the ghosts of his first wife.  Frederick gave each of his four living children, from his first marriage, an eighty-acre tract of land adjacent to his. I suspect this was not only to have his children near, but to compensate for loosing their family home and ensure their inheritance. He lived in Allen County until his death 13 Nov 1914. He is buried in Maple Grove Cemetery, Milford, IL
I have a copy of Frederick's death and marriage certificate in Documentation Photos. This is important in tracing our linage back for the DAR/SAR. On the marriage certificate Frederick states that he was born in Ross County Ohio, which traces us back to the Edward in the Revolutionary war. On Frederick's death certificate, James "Edward" states that he is from Sisto [Scioto] County Ohio. It is possible that he visited relatives in Scioto township, Ross County, Ohio. It shows how easily genealogists, amateur and pro, can connect to the wrong information.  

You might wonder what are the odds of another Edward and Catherine Peppers being from Scioto County would be surprised. With the help of and the internet you can find records from around the world at the tip of you fingertips. is a long way from scrolling through microfiche and old dusty books. I have been amazed at how many same/similar name combination there are out there. It really takes due diligence and I have tried to be very careful with the facts. I have made mistakes along the way, but I usually go over the facts enough times to catch them. Please don't hesitate to bring one to my attention.

Sources: Census Records and Histories, Dewey Dawson " The J.E. Dawson Family"

James Edward Dawson (1855 - 1922)

9. James Edward Dawson born 11 November 1855 in Warren Co., IN married Madora Eleanor Thomas 25 September 1878 in Milford, IL. Madora's father B. F. Thomas owned the Thomas School in Milford, IL and was a farmer. James and Madora had ten children, Arthur, Glen, Audrey, Fred, Flossie, Thomas, Edward, Frank, George and Rexford. James Edward was a teacher and farmer. He graduated from the Gem City Business College, Quincy, Illinois and was hired to teach by B. F. Thomas. Since it was necessary to live near the school he boarded at the Thomas home. Madora's mother had died when she was 14 so it was necessary for her to quit school and take care of her five sisters and two brothers.

It is assumed James Edward found time to tutor her where love blossomed. After they were married James leased farmland from his father and also taught school. In 1885 the words "Go West Young Man" became popular with the enactment of the Homestead Act. James, Madora and three small children moved to Emmence Finney Co., KA to a homestead of 160 acres. This land was prairie land on which buffalo roamed. Their land was forty miles from the nearest railroad. In those days the main fuel supply was buffalo chips gathered from the prairie. The story is told that when Frederick Dawson visited the family he bragged about the good toast he had for breakfast.

One morning he got up early and found Madora toasting the bread over the buffalo chip fire and he didn't think the toast was near as tasty. Each year that the family was there, crops were planted but the hot winds and dust storms destroyed them before they could be harvested. After three years of these crop failures they gave up their homestead and loaded up their family and possessions in a covered wagon and went to Cozad, Dawson Co., NE. The distance between their homestead and Dawson Co., NE was only 225 miles, but it took them three weeks to travel by covered wagon.

The family lived above a grocery store. Later they built a small frame house in the eastern part of Cozad. The house still stands to this day. While there James taught school in a sod building which was in the country. He also operated a tin shop. In 1892 they moved to Shelton, NE where the family operated a store and a bakeshop. In 1893 they moved back to Cozad where they acquired 80 acres and James Edward built a sod house on it for his family. This was one on the first sod houses to have a shingled roof, wood floor, glass windows and screens. In 1899 Arthur returned to Milford, IL, by bicycle, to go to high school.

In 1901 the family moved to 40 acres in Rochester, IN, Audrey married and remained in Cozad. The sandy soil in Rochester was not productive except to produce berries, vegetables and other small fruit. When the produce was in season it was picked and sold from door to door in Rochester. Transportation in those days was with a horse and spring wagon. In 1907 the family moved to 80 acres that had 40 acres of virgin timber in Monroeville, IN. James' father gave it to them. The soil was fertile so good crops could be raised. The school was only a quarter mile away.

The family was very busy clearing land to be used for crops, building a home, barn, chicken house, granary, hog house and machinery shed. Farming was done with real horsepower. The family had a herd of Jersey cattle as well as a herd of Chester White hogs. Many chickens, geese and turkeys were also raised on this farm. Following World War I, farm prices broke sharply and the farm was sold. James Edward then purchased land in Wheatfield, Jasper Co., IN where he died 27 June 1922. Madora died 30 October 1959. They are buried in Memorial Cemetery, Monroeville, IN.

James Edward Dawson

Sources: Dewey Dawson " The J.E. Dawson Family"

Arthur Ernest Dawson (1879-1916)

10-1. Arthur Ernest Dawson was born 28 December 1879 in Milford, Iroquois, IL. He married Ruth O Neal. Arthur and Ruth had three children: Arthur Ernest, Harold, and Thomas Edward. In 1885 the J.E. Dawson family went west. Arthur was probably taught at home while the family was homesteading in Kansas. His father, James Edward, was a school teacher. In 1888 the family moved to Cozad, Nebraska where James taught school in a sod building in the country.

Arthur learned as much as he could from his father. In 1899 he returned to Milford, IL, by bicycle, to go to high school. In the 1900 census he was recorded living in Milford, IL as head. It looks like he was living in a boarding house. He was 20 years old and working as a druggist.

Chattanooga Medical College 1903
Arthur came south to Chattanooga, TN and went to medical school, he graduated in 1904. He taught anatomy at the Chattanooga Medical College and then started a practice. In the 1910 census he was recorded as living in Chattanooga, TN, married to Ruth, had three sons: Arthur Ernest, Harold, and Thomas Edward, and was working as a physician.

Sadly he died 24 May 1916 working as a county doctor in Jersey, TN of a septic infection. Ruth was still close with Madora, her mother-in-law, and would bring the three boys up north to the farm in Monroeville during the summers. Ernest died in his twenties. Harold and Thomas remembered their time in Indiana and "Grandma Dawson" as wonderful.

Thomas died in 1961. Harold around 1968. Ruth was running the Peerless Creamery from around the First World War to the 30’s. She then opened up the Colonial Coffee Shop in Chattanooga. The O’Neal family and Arthur Senior’s practice was out of town near North Chickamauga Creek, Bonnie Oaks, and a railroad stop called Tyner. They moved downtown for the Peerless job and to attend Central High School in Chattanooga. Harold then Thomas joined the Navy for one tour out of high school. Both went back in during WW2.

Source: Mike Dawson

Audrey May Dawson (1882-1965)

10-3. Audrey May "Dot" Dawson was born 1 Sep 1882 in Milford, Iroquois, IL. She married Paris Cadet York the fall of 1901 in Cozad, NB. Dot and Cadet had eight children: Percy, Della, York, Zoe, Glen, Warren, Betty Jane, and Mary Lou.

Edward Edwin Dawson (1893 - 1984)

10-7. Edward Edwin Dawson was born 5 September 1893 in Cozad, Dawson Co., NE. He married Bessie May Swartz 27 March 1918 in Monroeville, Allen Co., IN. Bessie's father Daniel Swartz was a farmer. Edward and Bessie had five children Daniel, Glenola, Audrey, Delmar and Archie. Edward was a farmer and carpenter. When World War I broke out, in 1917, farmers were exempt from the service and Edward wasn't required to serve. After their marriage Edward continued to work with his father on the family farm.

In 1919 Bessie's father, Daniel, bought a farm in Pendleton, Madison Co., IN and Edward and Bessie moved to help him on the farm, since he had all daughters. They were there until 1922 when some dispute occurred between Daniel and Edward. This has been the source of many family stories and speculation since Edward and Bessie refused to speak about it. I am sure the economic stress of the depression made life and family relations very difficult. They merely packed up their family and moved to Cozad, Dawson Co., NE where Edward's sister Audrey lived.

Finding work was difficult during the depression and Edward was very resourceful and hardworking. He left his family in Cozad and went to the mountains of Colorado to raise lettuce. The crops failed and in 1924 Edward took his family to Canada looking for prosperity. They moved to Vancouver, British Columbia by train. They were able to only take a few belongings, but Bessie had carefully packed her china and was deeply saddened when it was damaged during the trip. Edward worked as a carpenter, while in Vancouver, building houses.

Their home was 2 miles from school so the children would ride in a covered wagon. In the wintertime there was a pot bellied stove in the wagon to keep them warm and the children would all have to take turns sitting by the fire. When the housing market would slow down Edward cut ice from the Saskatchewan River. The workers would cut chucks of ice out of the river with a hand saw, and then the trains would stop and pick up the ice to keep their ice boxes cold. Bessie would also leave to find work.

When the hops where in season she would take the younger children by train to the countryside to go pick hops. Audrey was expected to take care of Delmar and Archie while their mother was working. She has expressed great frustration in this task. Glenola was always helping her mother and learning how to cook and household chores. Audrey was sent outside with two rowdy boys. During one of their rowdy episodes, she was kicked in the hip by a horse. This lead to lifelong pain and eventually a hip replacement. The family returned to the United States in 1937.

Daniel Swartz had again bought a farm in Rensselaer, Jasper Co., IN and Edward and Bessie returned to help him on the farm. Edward bought adjacent land and opened a small grocery store. He continued working as a carpenter and was very successful at building houses. They remained in Rensselaer until 1953 when they retired in Deland, Fl. Edward continued to work as a carpenter part-time for many years. Edward died 4 October 1984 and Bessie died 11 March 1969 in Deland, FL. They are buried in Memorial Gardens in Deland, Volusia Co, FL.

Sources: Glenola Rogers, Audrey Alexander, Dewey Dawson " The J.E. Dawson Family"

Edward's Documentation    Edward's Family Tree
Bessie's Documentation     Bessie's Family Tree
Edward Edwin Dawson
Bessie May Swartz

Family Photos

Arthur Dawson with his grandfather Frederick Dawson.
Photo taken in Milford, IL ca. 1885

Tom, Ed, Dewey 9 Aug 1902

Grandma Dawson, Dot, Glenn York, Grandpa Thomas
Title was written on back in pencil. Probably by Arthur's wife Ruth O'Neal Dawson.
Madora Dawson, Audrey "Dot" York, B.F. Thomas, Glenn York. [Four Generations]

The J.E. Dawson Family

Written by: George Dewey Dawson [1899-1991]

James Edward Dawson born in 1799 was the father of sixteen children of which Frederick D. Dawson, born in 1832, was the 7th child. James Edward Dawson, born November 11, 1855, was the oldest child of Frederick. This family produced seven children of which only four grew up to maturity. These were: James Edward, George, Russ, Mary Alice [Gillfillian ] and Freida [Hoffman], a daughter from a second marriage. Frederick D. Dawson became a well to do farmer living in Iroquois County near Milford, Illinois. Around 1905 he moved to Monroeville, Indiana and while there gave each of his four children 80 acres of land [in Madison Township, Allen County, Indiana].

James Edward Dawson, born in 1855, was a studious lad and always read a great deal. He prepared to teach school and graduated from the Gem City Business College, Quincy, Illinois. He applied for and was hired to teach at the Thomas School by B. F. Thomas, the trustee. Since it was necessary to board near the school, he boarded at the Thomas home. B.F. Thomas had lost his wife in 1874 when she was 37 years of age. A family of 6 girls and 2 boys were left. Madora Eleanor was the oldest child and she was only 14 years of age then. It was necessary for her to quit school and take care of the children. It is assumed that in addition to housework she found time for further study and probably the young teacher tutored her also. In 1878 they were united in marriage.

 During the next several years, J.E. leased farm land from his father and also taught school. We have a copy of the lease agreement that was made in 1878. Their first child, Arthur Ernest, was born on 28 December 1879. Glen Evart was then born on 30 June 1881 and died later on 13 September 1883. Audrey May [ Dot ] was born 1 September 1883 and Fred Asa followed with a birth date of 29 August 1885.

It was at this point when the words '' Go West Young Man, Go West'' became a common expression. The Homestead Act made this attractive and among those who were interested and anxious to get ahead was James Edward. In 1885 they moved to western Kansas [ Emmence Finney County ] to a homestead of 160 acres. This land was prairie land on which a few years previously, the buffalo roamed. In 1930's this land was a part of the Great Dust Bowl. Their land was forty miles from the nearest railroad. We have no knowledge now of the type of house that they had - but imagine what it must have meant to these Dawsons to have friends and relatives in Illinois, with three young babies in tow, to have made this move. Surely this was an example of the pioneer spirit and fortitude.

In those days the main fuel supply were buffalo chips that were gathered from the prairie. The story is told of the time when Grandfather Dawson [ Frederick ] visited the family, he bragged about the good toast that mother had made for breakfast. One morning he got up earlier and found her toasting the bread over the buffalo chip fire, after he saw this, he didn't think that the toast was near as good. Another incident that indicates the hardships that were incurred, involves a trip that James Edward was to make to get supplies like flour, salt, sugar ect. with the team and wagon. The trip was about 40 miles one way. He started early in the morning and did not expect to get home until late that night. His team consisted of a mule and a horse. On the way home there was some trouble. While he was hitching the mule, the mule kicked and knocked James hand against the single tree. James Edward fainted. It is not known how long he lay there - but he came home the next morning. The large fingers on his right hand were broken and never properly set. Because of this, these fingers healed crooked. He was never able to straighten then out.

Each of the years that this family was there, crops were planted but the hot winds and dust storms destroyed then before they could be harvested. Here Flossie Alice was born on 5 November 1887. After three years of crop failures, the Dawson homestead was given up. So along with a neighbor by the name of Clark, they loaded the families and possessions into four covered wagons and went to Cozad, [ Dawson County ] Nebraska. Three weeks were spent on this trip. There were no motels or McDonalds to provide for then. This was a distance of 225 miles. In Cozad, the family lived above a grocery store. Later they built a small frame house in eastern part of Cozad. The house still stands to this day.

While there James Edward taught school in a sod building which was in the country. He also operated a tin shop. Thomas Clark Dawson was born on 18 March 1891. The records are not too clear at this point, but we know that they moved to Shelton, Nebraska where the family operated a store and a bake shop. Mother's records of the purchases and the sales for the shop date from 15 September 1892 to 23 March 1893.

After this, they moved back to Cozad. Edward Edwin was born on 5 September 1893. Then Frank Edison was born on 10 August 1896- he died 8 May 1897. Eighty acres were acquired about this this time and James Edward built a sod house on it for the family. This was one of the first sod houses to have a shingled roof, wood floor, glass windows and screens. We have a picture of this house. Mother loved flowers and this picture shows her geraniums blooming in the window of this house. George Dewey was born here on 4 August 1899. At this time Arthur returned to Milford, Illinois to go to high school. He got there by riding his bicycle from Cozad to Milford.

In 1901 the family moved to Rochester, [ Fulton County ] Indiana where Grandfather Thomas was living. Audrey May did not make the move with the family. She had married Cadet York and remained at Cozad. Rexford Albert was born in Rochester on 12 March 1905. Dewey was very unhappy with Rex- he wanted to send him back; for he was too little to play with. The Rochester home was on 40 acres of sandy soil which was not productive except to produce berries, vegetables and other small fruits. When the fruit was in season it was picked and sold from door to door in Rochester. Transportation in those days was a horse and spring wagon which was an open vehicle with steel tired wheels.

In 1907 the J. E. Dawson family moved to eighty acres at Monroeville, Indiana. Grandfather Dawson had decided that since James Edward had several boys to help, he should get the 80 acres that had 40 acres of virgin timber. The house here was ample but, of course, there was no furnace or inside toilet facilities in it. The barn was small and there were no other buildings. The soil here was fertile and so good corps could be raised. The school was only a quarter mile away. It had only one room for all eight grades and of course, only one teacher. This was the beginning of a new period for the family. It was a period of hard work which included clearing the timber so the land could be used for corps, building a barn, chicken house, grainery, hog house, a machinery shed and remodeling of the house. James Edward was very handy with tools, so with the help of Tom and Ed, very little help was required except for the barn building and some of remodeling of the house. The farming here was done with horsepower using real horses. A herd of fine Jersey cattle were developed along with a herd of Chester White hogs. Many chickens, geese and turkeys were also raised on this farm.

During these years many new items were acquired by the family. Among these were; a new barrel churn to replace with the hand dasher- the new washer was turned by hand with a crank. A new buggy and carriage were added, and in 1917, the family got its first automobile. Our walking plow was replaced by a riding plow that was pulled by three horses. A telephone was added to the household. By gathering up iron junk, Rex and Dewey were able to buy a new Kodak camera for two dollars. Rex still has this camera.

As all farmers who raise livestock are, we were exposed to accidents, runaway horses and Jersey bulls, who were always dangerous. In one case, a Jersey bull knocked James Edward down and was rolling him across the field. At that time, Tom was coming down the road with a team and wagon. He saw what was taking place and arrived just as the bull was about to roll James Edward against the fence. Tom clubbed the bull off. James Edward had some broken ribs and was badly bruised from the incident. We sold that bull immediately. While we had other Jersey bulls, they were always respected and treated with great care after that. In 1916, James Edward suffered a severe stroke which left side his paralyzed. His speech and mind were not affected though. After this, he had to walk with the aid of two canes.

World War I took place during the years that the Dawson family lived at Monroeville. Fred, Tom, Ed and Dewey were registered for the draft. Since most farmers at that time were exempt from the service, the three older boys were not called up to serve. However Dewey who had graduated from Monroeville High School in 1918, was in. In August of 1918, on his 19th birthday he was called for training in the Army truck corps. His Army career was a short one though. The armistice was signed in early November- Dewey was discharged and able to return home by Christmas, 1918.

In 1919, in order to gain more acreage, the Dawson family moved to Markle [ Rock Creek Township, Huntington County ] Indiana. This new place was forty miles from Monroeville. We moved the grain, hay and furniture by wagon and drove the cattle and horses. This was a timely move. In the following spring, that of 1920, a tornado struck the farm at Monroeville and completely demolished every building, bush and shrub. It left only the foundation of the and barn in place. A maple tree which Tom had planted in the yard also remained and is still standing. This storm struck at six o'clock on Sunday evening. We would have all been home at that time taking care of the stock. Of course it is a question of whether all or any of us would have survived had we been there then.

Following World War I, farm prices broke sharply and so the farm was traded for land at Wheatfield [ Jasper County ] Indiana. In November, 1921 the Dawson family moved to Wheatfield. Flossie did not move with the family because she had married John Couey. At this point Dewey decided to give up farming. Rex made the move with his mother and father. Tom and the family he had by now also moved to Wheatfield.

On June 25,1922, James Edward suffered a stroke of apoplexy, resulting in his death [June 27th]. His body was returned to Monroeville for burial in the Monroeville Memorial Cemetery.

In the fall of 1922, Mother and Rex moved to Fort Wayne, Indiana and made a home for Dewey and Rex. In 1925, Dewey married. In 1932, Mother close her home to live with Flossie and her family. She continued to be in good health and active until her last year. She passed away in Flossie's home in Fort Wayne, Indiana on October 30, 1950. She is also buried in the Monroeville Memorial Cemetery.

No review of the family would be complete without a special mention and tribute to Flossie. Even though she was handicapped by a crippled hip, she was strong- both physically and in spirit. She had remained at home helping Mother with the house work, raising chickens, doing garden work and helping with the younger children. After her marriage at the age of 34, she had five children and she had many hardships. In spite of this, she was always cheerful and managed some way. After Mother closed her home, she lived with Flossie and assisted her with her family. In Mother's final years, Flossie made a home for her and took care of her until she died. We all owe a debt of gratitude to Flossie.

As we look back, we must realize what a great and wonderful heritage we had in having a Christian home with loving parents who had dignity and a great respect for others. We always had friends. Mother never saw a stranger and was loved by all who knew her. In some respects she was strict - no liquor, no tobacco, no playing - except for Flinch. Bickering, scolding and backtalk were not a part of the family scene.

Father was a great reader, especially of current events. There were always farm magazines and National Geographies in the house. Mother was a great student of the Bible and saw to it that we all went to Sunday School and Church. To my knowledge, none of us were ever paddled. We were promised that if we were paddled in school, we get paddled at home a second time. There was no back talk. This can be verified by Ed's experience. One day when he was about 12 years old, while living in Rochester, Mother asked him to bring in some wood. He was reading and didn't answer. She asked again saying that she wanted him to hurry. He said "Get it yourself". Mother had a small piece of wood in her hand. She threw it at him and struck him on the side of his face. He had a scab on the side of his face for a few days, but all us understood that when Mother spoke, we should listen.

Father enjoyed going to the circus and he always took we boys when one came to town. He also enjoyed political speeches. Dewey remembers when William Jennings Bryan came to Rochester. Father held Dewey up on his shoulders so that Dewey could see over the crowd. Mother was a good seamstress. With money scarce and with a growing family, there was a lot of sewing, darning and patching to be done. She worked many hours, making over hand me downs and while our clothes might have been patched; they were always clean. Five years before her death Mother found some material that she liked. She made a dress for herself and laid it away with the request that it was to be put on her for burial. This, of course, was done.

By today's standards we were probably underprivileged; but that word was unknown to us. We can be thankful for the character and moral fiber that has been built into our lives. We can only hope that those who follow will continue to walk with their chins up and hold the ''Dawson'' banner high.

This recap of the James Edward Dawson family covers the span of over a hundred years. Over this century there many changes made to ever phase of our lives. The way of living today is a far cry from the pioneer life of covered wagons and cow chips that were common place in the early days of this family. In spite of all the changes that has taken place, we can be proud of our moral fiber and the emotional stability that has been ours. We have maintained our dignity and respect for others; in return, we have the respect of our fellowmen. We need to offer no apologies- and hope that those who follow to worthy of our heritage.